Wahlkreiskommission für England, für Schottland, für Wales, für Nordirland. gab es Wahlen im Vereinigten Königreich finden an Donnerstagen statt. Die Parlamentswahl in England im Überblick: Prognosen, Hochrechnung und Wahlen in England: Alle Nachrichten und Informationen der F.A.Z. zum Thema. 4. Mai den Lokalwahlen in England gut abgeschnitten, Labour profitierte nicht. Im Vorfeld der Wahlen hatte Labour gehofft, einen oder mehrere.
Theresa May konnte am Donnerstag vergleichsweise entspannt zur Wahlurne schreiten. Ob May die absolute Mehrheit deutlich ausweiten kann, ist allerdings offen.
Millionen Wahlberechtigte sind dazu aufgerufen, ihre Stimme abzugeben. Auch die Parteivorsitzenden gaben ihre Stimme ab. Es wird ein knapper Ausgang erwartet.
Der Ausgang der Richtungswahl zum Parlament am 7. Mai gilt daher als offen. Damit erreicht sie voraussichtlich die Zweidrittelmehrheit — und kann so eine Verfassungsreform angehen.
Mehr Von Patrick Welter, Tokio. Das tue ihr sehr leid, so May. A government is not formed by a vote of the House of Commons, it is a commission from the monarch.
The House of Commons gets its first chance to indicate confidence in the new government when it votes on the Speech from the Throne the legislative programme proposed by the new government.
The House of Lords was previously a largely hereditary aristocratic chamber, although including life peers , and Lords Spiritual.
It is currently midway through extensive reforms, the most recent of these being enacted in the House of Lords Act The house consists of two very different types of member, the Lords Temporal and Lords Spiritual.
Lords Temporal include appointed members life peers with no hereditary right for their descendants to sit in the house and ninety-two remaining hereditary peers, elected from among, and by, the holders of titles which previously gave a seat in the House of Lords.
The Lords Spiritual represent the established Church of England and number twenty-six: The House of Lords currently acts to review legislation initiated by the House of Commons, with the power to propose amendments, and can exercise a suspensive veto.
This allows it to delay legislation if it does not approve it for twelve months. However, the use of vetoes is limited by convention and by the operation of the Parliament Acts and Persistent use of the veto can also be overturned by the Commons, under a provision of the Parliament Act Often governments will accept changes in legislation in order to avoid both the time delay, and the negative publicity of being seen to clash with the Lords.
However the Lords still retain a full veto in acts which would extend the life of Parliament beyond the 5-year term limit introduced by the Parliament Act Though the UK parliament remains the sovereign parliament, Scotland has a parliament and Wales and Northern Ireland have assemblies.
De jure , each could have its powers broadened, narrowed or changed by an Act of the UK Parliament. The UK is a unitary state with a devolved system of government.
This contrasts with a federal system, in which sub-parliaments or state parliaments and assemblies have a clearly defined constitutional right to exist and a right to exercise certain constitutionally guaranteed and defined functions and cannot be unilaterally abolished by Acts of the central parliament.
All three devolved institutions are elected by proportional representation: England , therefore, is the only country in the UK not to have its own devolved parliament.
However, senior politicians of all main parties have voiced concerns in regard to the West Lothian Question ,   which is raised where certain policies for England are set by MPs from all four constituent nations whereas similar policies for Scotland or Wales might be decided in the devolved assemblies by legislators from those countries alone.
Alternative proposals for English regional government have stalled, following a poorly received referendum on devolved government for the North East of England , which had hitherto been considered the region most in favour of the idea, with the exception of Cornwall , where there is widespread support for a Cornish Assembly , including all five Cornish MPs.
The government has no plans to establish an English parliament or assembly although several pressure groups  are calling for one.
One of their main arguments is that MPs and thus voters from different parts of the UK have inconsistent powers. Currently an MP from Scotland can vote on legislation which affects only England but MPs from England or indeed Scotland cannot vote on matters devolved to the Scottish parliament.
Indeed, the former Prime Minister Gordon Brown , who is an MP for a Scottish constituency, introduced some laws that only affect England and not his own constituency.
This anomaly is known as the West Lothian question. The policy of the UK Government in England was to establish elected regional assemblies with no legislative powers.
The London Assembly was the first of these, established in , following a referendum in , but further plans were abandoned following rejection of a proposal for an elected assembly in North East England in a referendum in Unelected regional assemblies remain in place in eight regions of England.
The Scottish Parliament is the national, unicameral legislature of Scotland , located in the Holyrood area of the capital Edinburgh. The Parliament, informally referred to as "Holyrood"  cf.
Members are elected for four-year terms under the mixed member proportional representation system. As a result, 73 MSPs represent individual geographical constituencies elected by the plurality "first past the post" system, with a further 56 returned from eight additional member regions, each electing seven MSPs.
The current Scottish Parliament was established by the Scotland Act and its first meeting as a devolved legislature was on 12 May The parliament has the power to pass laws and has limited tax-varying capability.
Another of its roles is to hold the Scottish Government to account. The "devolved matters" over which it has responsibility include education , health , agriculture, and justice.
A degree of domestic authority, and all foreign policy, remains with the UK Parliament in Westminster. The public take part in Parliament in a way that is not the case at Westminster through Cross-Party Groups on policy topics which the interested public join and attend meetings of alongside Members of the Scottish Parliament MSPs.
Nationalism support for breaking up the UK has experienced a dramatic rise in popularity in recent years, with a pivotal moment coming at the Scottish Parliament election where the SNP capitalised on the collapse of the Liberal Democrat support to improve on their performance to win the first ever outright majority at Holyrood despite the voting system being specifically designed to prevent majorities , with Labour remaining the largest opposition party.
This election result prompted the leader of the three main opposition parties to resign. Also in the wake of the referendum, Scottish Labour leader, Johann Lamont, stood down and Jim Murphy was elected to replace her.
Mr Murphy was the leader of Scottish Labour Party until the general election on in which he lost his seat in Westminster, after the defeat he resigned his position and her deputy MSP Kezia Dugdale became leader of the party and leader of SLP in Holyrood.
The National Assembly for Wales is the devolved parliament of Wales with power to make legislation and vary taxes. The Assembly was created by the Government of Wales Act , which followed a referendum in On its creation, most of the powers of the Welsh Office and Secretary of State for Wales were transferred to it.
The Assembly had no powers to initiate primary legislation until limited law-making powers were gained through the Government of Wales Act Its primary law-making powers were enhanced following a Yes vote in the referendum on 3 March , making it possible for it to legislate without having to consult the UK parliament , nor the Secretary of State for Wales in the 20 areas that are devolved.
This created the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly is a unicameral body consisting of members elected under the Single Transferable Vote form of proportional representation.
The Assembly is based on the principle of power-sharing, in order to ensure that both communities in Northern Ireland, unionist and nationalist , participate in governing the region.
It has power to legislate in a wide range of areas and to elect the Northern Ireland Executive cabinet. It sits at Parliament Buildings at Stormont in Belfast.
The Assembly has authority to legislate in a field of competences known as "transferred matters". These matters are not explicitly enumerated in the Northern Ireland Act but instead include any competence not explicitly retained by the Parliament at Westminster.
Powers reserved by Westminster are divided into "excepted matters", which it retains indefinitely, and "reserved matters", which may be transferred to the competence of the Northern Ireland Assembly at a future date.
Health, criminal law and education are "transferred" while royal relations are all "excepted". While the Assembly was in suspension, due to issues involving the main parties and the Provisional Irish Republican Army IRA , its legislative powers were exercised by the UK government, which effectively had power to legislate by decree.
Laws that would normally be within the competence of the Assembly were passed by the UK government in the form of Orders-in-Council rather than legislative acts.
Today the UK has three distinct systems of law: English law , Northern Ireland law and Scots law. Recent constitutional changes saw a new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom come into being in October that took on the appeal functions of the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords.
Both English law, which applies in England and Wales , and Northern Ireland law are based on common-law principles. The essence of common-law is that law is made by judges sitting in courts, applying their common sense and knowledge of legal precedent stare decisis to the facts before them.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the highest court in the land for both criminal and civil cases in England , Wales , and Northern Ireland and any decision it makes is binding on every other court in the hierarchy.
Scots law, a hybrid system based on both common-law and civil-law principles, applies in Scotland. The chief courts are the Court of Session , for civil cases, and the High Court of Justiciary , for criminal cases.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom serves as the highest court of appeal for civil cases under Scots law. Sheriff courts deal with most civil and criminal cases including conducting criminal trials with a jury, known that as Sheriff solemn Court, or with a Sheriff and no jury, known as Sheriff summary Court.
The Sheriff courts provide a local court service with 49 Sheriff courts organised across six Sheriffdoms. The use of the first-past-the-post to elect members of Parliament is unusual among European nations.
The use of the system means that when three or more candidates receive a significant share of the vote, MPs are often elected from individual constituencies with a plurality receiving more votes than any other candidate , but not an absolute majority 50 percent plus one vote.
The UK, like several other states, has sometimes been called a "two-and-a-half" party system, because parliamentary politics is dominated by the Labour Party and Conservative Party, while the Liberal Democrats, used to, hold a significant number of seats but still substantially less than Labour and the Conservatives , and several small parties some of them regional or nationalist trailing far behind in number of seats, although this changed in the general election.
No single party has won a majority of the popular vote since the Third National Government of Stanley Baldwin in On two occasions since World War II — and February — a party that came in second in the popular vote actually came out with the larger number of seats.
Electoral reform for parliamentary elections have been proposed many times. Under this proposal, most MPs would be directly elected from constituencies by the alternative vote , with a number of additional members elected from "top-up lists.
The general election resulted in a hung parliament no single party being able to command a majority in the House of Commons.
This was only the second general election since World War II to return a hung parliament, the first being the February election.
The Conservatives gained the most seats ending 13 years of Labour government and the largest percentage of the popular vote, but fell 20 seats short of a majority.
The Conservatives and Liberal Democrats entered into a new coalition government , headed by David Cameron. Under the terms of the coalition agreement the government committed itself to hold a referendum in May on whether to change parliamentary elections from first-past-the-post to AV.
Electoral reform was a major priority for the Liberal Democrats, who favour proportional representation but were able to negotiate only a referendum on AV with the Conservatives.
The coalition partners campaigned on opposite sides, with the Liberal Democrats supporting AV and the Conservatives opposing it. Since the s the two main political parties in the UK, in terms of the number of seats in the House of Commons , are the Conservative and Unionist Party and the Labour Party.
The Scottish National Party has the second largest party membership,  but a smaller number of MPs as it only fields candidates for constituencies in Scotland.
The modern day Conservative Party was founded in and is an outgrowth of the Tory movement or party, which began in The modern Liberal Party had been founded in as an outgrowth of the Whig movement or party which began at the same time as the Tory Party and was its historical rival as well as the Radical and Peelite tendencies.
The Liberal Party was one of the two dominant parties along with the Conservatives from its founding until the s, when it rapidly declined in popularity, and was supplanted on the left by the Labour Party, which was founded in and formed its first minority government in Since that time, the Labour and Conservative parties have been dominant, with the Liberals later Liberal Democrats being the third-largest party until , when they lost 49 of their 57 seats, while the Scottish National Party gained 56 seats.
Founded in , the SNP advocates Scottish independence and has had continuous representation in Parliament since At the most recent general election in , the Conservatives, although increased their share of the vote; lost their overall majority in the House of Commons after previously commanding a majority for two years between However, the Conservatives did manage to gain 12 new seats in Scotland, as well as retaining the one seat from the previous election.
This was the best Conservative Party result in Scotland since the general election. The Conservatives won only seats at the general election, but went on to form a confidence and supply deal with the DUP Democratic Unionist Party who got 10 seats in the House of Commons, allowing the Conservative Party to remain in government.
The term "Tory" originates from the Exclusion Bill crisis of - the Whigs were those who supported the exclusion of the Roman Catholic Duke of York from the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland, and the Tories were those who opposed it.
Both names were originally insults: Generally, the Tories were associated with lesser gentry and the Church of England, while Whigs were more associated with trade, money, larger land holders or "land magnates" , expansion and tolerance of Catholicism.
The Rochdale Radicals were a group of more extreme reformists who were also heavily involved in the cooperative movement.
They sought to bring about a more equal society, and are considered by modern standards to be left-wing. After becoming associated with repression of popular discontent in the years after , the Tories underwent a fundamental transformation under the influence of Robert Peel , himself an industrialist rather than a landowner, who in his " Tamworth Manifesto " outlined a new "Conservative" philosophy of reforming ills while conserving the good.
The Conservatives were in government for eighteen years between —, under the leadership of the first-ever female Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher , and former Chancellor of the Exchequer John Major — Their landslide defeat at the general election saw the Conservative Party lose over half their seats gained in , and saw the party re-align with public perceptions of them.
The Conservatives lost all their seats in both Scotland and Wales, and was their worst defeat since This was the final election that the Liberal Nationals fought as an autonomous party, as they merged with the Conservative Party two years later, continuing to exist as a subsidiary party of the Conservatives until Future Conservative Prime Minister Harold Macmillan lost his seat, returning to Parliament at a by-election later in the year.
With the Second World War coming to an end in Europe, the Labour Party decided to pull out of the wartime national coalition government, precipitating an election which took place in July King George VI dissolved Parliament, which had been sitting for ten years without an election.
What followed was perhaps one of the greatest swings of public confidence of the twentieth century. The Beveridge Report , published in , proposed the creation of a welfare state.
It called for a dramatic turn in British social policy, with provision for nationalised healthcare, expansion of state-funded education, National Insurance and a new housing policy.
The report was extremely popular, and copies of its findings were widely purchased, turning it into a best-seller. The Labour Party adopted the report eagerly.
However, people distinguished between Churchill and his party—a contrast which Labour repeatedly emphasised throughout the campaign. Denouncing his former coalition partners, he declared that Labour "would have to fall back on some form of a Gestapo " to impose socialism on Britain.
Attlee responded the next night by ironically thanking the Prime Minister for demonstrating to people the difference between Churchill the great wartime leader and Churchill the peacetime politician, and argued the case for public control of industry.
The inter-war period had been dominated by Conservatives. With the exception of two brief minority Labour governments in and —, the Conservatives had been in power for its entirety.
Labour played to the concept of "winning the peace" that would follow the Second World War. Possibly for this reason, there was especially strong support for Labour in the armed services , who feared the unemployment and homelessness to which the soldiers of the First World War had returned.
It has been claimed that the pro left-wing bias of teachers in the armed services was a contributing factor, but this argument has generally not carried much weight, and the failure of the Conservative governments in the s to deliver a "land fit for heroes" was likely more important.
The differing strategies of the two parties during wartime also gave Labour an advantage. Labour continued to attack pre-war Conservative governments for their inactivity in tackling Hitler, reviving the economy, and re-arming Britain,  while Churchill was less interested in furthering his party, much to the chagrin of many of its members and MPs.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from United Kingdom general election, This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Map excludes Northern Ireland.
Conservative total includes Ulster Unionists. The 8 seats won by National Labour in were not defended. Simon and Schuster Lynch, Michael , "1.
Britain in Transition — , Oxford: Addison, Paul , The Road to British politics and the Second World War , London: Cape Baines, Malcolm , "The liberal party and general election", Contemporary Record , 9 1: Elections and referendums in the United Kingdom.
Retrieved from " https: Articles needing additional references from July All articles needing additional references Use dmy dates from May Use British English from May Pages using deprecated image syntax Pages using bar box without float left or float right All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata.
First party Second party. Prime Minister before election Winston Churchill Conservative.The Conservatives lost all their seats in both Scotland and Wales, and was their worst defeat since According to Baines, the defeat marked its wahlen in england from being a party of government to a party of the political fringe. The Sheriff courts provide a local court service with 49 Sheriff gday casino 60 free spins when pigs fly organised across six Sheriffdoms. However, sinceonly two new members casino 21 berlin been elected as independents without having ever stood for a major party:. Division over Europe is prevalent in sportwetten deutschland major parties, although the Conservative Party blackjack casino game online seen as most divided over the issue, both whilst in Government up to and comdirekt kunden werbenand between those dates as the opposition. Retrieved 29 March Unlike some other democracies, senior bundesliga 3 liga live servants remain in post upon a change of Government. Under the terms of the coalition agreement the government committed itself to hold a referendum in May on whether to change parliamentary elections from first-past-the-post to AV. Newcastle upon Tyne West. Since that time, the Labour and Conservative parties wert goldbarren been dominant, real casino online australia the Liberals later Liberal Democrats being the third-largest party untilwhen they lost 49 of their 57 seats, while the Scottish National Party gained 56 seats. Retrieved 20 April The parliament has the power to pass laws and has limited tax-varying capability.